Transport's role in reducing CO2 emissions
The Port of Rotterdam Authority is working closely together with the Wuppertal Institute. This research institution has examined how the transport sector can help reduce worldwide CO2 emissions. This study doesnt just show that we can achieve this CO2 reduction, but also how, says the Port of Rotterdam Authoritys Energy Transition Strategy programme lead Caroline Kroes.
Lets start with some figures: close to 25% of our global CO2 emissions are caused by transport. And between 30 and 40% of this total is produced by cargo transport. A lot of people dont realise this, but 80% of the worldwide trade in physical products is transported by sea. And 4% is shipped via the port of Rotterdam. This concerns almost every product category that we use on a daily basis including computers, clothing and food products like coffee, grapes and rice. But also resources like petrol. If we dont do anything, by 2050 our emissions may have increased by 50 to 250%. Nevertheless, as far as CO2 emissions are concerned, shipping remains the most efficient mode of freight transport. If you transported all these products by other means air or road the carbon footprint would be a lot larger still.
Caroline KroesImage: Port of Rotterdam
We asked the Wuppertal Institute to map out how freight transport via Rotterdam can contribute to the reduction of our CO2 emissions even though the shipping sector isnt actually covered by the Paris Agreement. Their research identified a number of key pathways. The first ....